PDF | The ecological flexibility of the garden dormouse (Eliomys quercinus) enables it to live from the sea level in the Mediterranean area up to m a.s.l. . Eliomys quercinus is found throughout Europe to Asia to North Africa. It is also found in Finland. Garden dormice were introduced into Britian by the Romans in . Eliomys quercinus in Mammal Species of the World. Wilson, Don E. & Reeder, DeeAnn M. (Editors) Mammal Species of the World – A.

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IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Nowak, Habitat Regions temperate terrestrial Terrestrial Biomes desert or dune chaparral forest mountains Wetlands swamp Other Habitat Features urban suburban agricultural Physical Description Eliomys quercinus has a body length of to mm.

They may live in shelters made from birds’ nests, eluomys, or trees. It thus becomes relevant to determine the population genetic structure of the species in order to identify evolutionarily significant units Fraser and Bernatchez ; Moritz Geographic distribution of samples of Eliomys quercinus and E. Views Read Edit View history.

The network showed a general congruence with the phylogenetic reconstruction, because the same 6 clades and subclades of Eliomys sp. Its diet is omnivorous and is composed of insects, fruits, and small vertebrates such as hatchlings or small birds and mammals Gil-Delgado et al.

Diet of the garden dormouse Eliomys quercinus Linnaeus in orange groves: Adaptation, Diversity, and Ecology. The number of chromosomes for each karyotype is represented by a symbol: May be maintained by periodic fire. There is usually only one litter born to a female each year.


Garden dormice have short fur except for the tail. Gestation The state of being pregnant; the period from conception to birth.

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Accessed December 31, at https: The western European clade displayed 2 well-diverged haplotypes, namely from Rhineland-Palatinate and Normandy Specifically, we hypothesize that there are at least 2 main glacial refugia on the Iberian and Italian peninsulas, each bearing one of the major chromosomal races 48 or 50 chromosomes [see Table 1 ; Filippucci et al.

Information on the home range size of these animals is not available. The large genetic differentiation, and related divergence time, found between the 2 clades of E. Shortly before giving birth, the female will build quercinuz nest, usually a globular structure made of grass, leaves and moss, and lined with hairs and feathers, situated in a hole in a tree or a crook of a branch 3.

Eliomys quercinus

The Alps may thus have acted as a stronger barrier to dispersal in E. Ramalhinho for their collaboration in collecting the samples in the field, and M.

Deserts can be cold or warm and daily temperates typically fluctuate. The young are usually born in litters of three qurcinus seven, after a gestation period of 23 days. Yet the Italian clade displayed a strong differentiation among subclades 10 mutational steps ; whereas in contrast, Italian elioys Alpine clades showed the lowest differentiation 5 mutational steps.

The Maghrebi populations are thus currently considered as part of E. Large numbers of this dormouse may be found living close to each other, sharing both sleeping and feeding sites, and except during the mating season, there is no fighting queecinus. Filippucci for providing additional samples. Found in coastal areas between 30 and 40 degrees latitude, in areas with a Mediterranean climate.


Nowak, Biogeographic Regions palearctic introduced native oriental native ethiopian native Habitat Eliomys quercinus lives in steepe deserts, hollow trees, rock crevices, and human dwellings.

We aimed to assess whether the karyotypic diversity is congruent with the mitochondrial differentiation of the populations; improve our understanding of the taxonomic relationships between garden dormouse populations based on both chromosomal and mitochondrial information; and establish the phylogeographic history of the species and the time of differentiation of mitochondrial lineages of E.

Mitochondrial and chromosomal insights into karyotypic evolution of the pygmy mouse, Mus minutoidesin South Africa. Karyotypic relationships of the garden dormouse Eliomys quercinus from central Europe. Interestingly, individuals bearing the same karyotype 46 chromosomes but distinct mitochondrial lineages Mol and Mo3 haplotypes in clades 2 and 1, respectively coexist in Morocco and were captured at the same trapping station Cape Spartel [ Fig.

The various intraspecific haplogroups of E.

The underside may show white or cream coloration. It appears that chromosomal divergence in E. The karyotype of the Formentera Island garden dormouse, Eliomya quercinus ophiusae. Phylogeographical and genetic structure analyses of Eliomys quercinus. Sign up to our newsletter Get the latest wild news direct to your inbox. Genetic variability observed within the 4 main mitochondrial lineages and groups of populations of Eliomys quercinus.

Like other dormice, the garden dormouse is an agile rodent, known for its ability to accumulate fat and hibernate for long periods 3.

Burton and Burton, ; Feldhamer, et al. Which species are on the road to recovery?