The work of Sitte is not exactly a criticism of Mainly an urban planning theory book, it has a. Source: Camillo Sitte, City Planning According to Artistic Principles, trans. In the field of city planning the limitations on artistry of arrangement have, to be sure . Camillo Sitte distinguished himself in the art of city planning culminating in his seminal work City Planning According to Artistic Principles with a great influence .

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During his work, Sitte traveled extensively to explore the spatial structures of then-contemporary city plazas of his own city Vienna, in Paris, Salzburg, Rothenburg on the Tauber, Dresden, and dozens of other European cities, carefully designing their physical plans, elevations of their remarkable buildings, and placement of statues, fountains and other monuments within those spaces.

In arranging straight streets of identical width between such blocks, the circular forms would be transformed planning regular hexagons, as used in tile patterns or in the honeycomb.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Should sihte not, for the same reason, better be left out in reality, too? You are commenting using your Facebook account. Here the various encounters, diagrammed and calculated without duplication, come to 54, among which occur 16 cases of intersecting traffic trajectories. However, in front of monumental structures the file of trees should be interrupted, since here aesthetic considerations are certainly much more important than their small hygienic value, and, as the lesser of two evils, the row of trees should be broken.

This work has subsequently gone on to influence generations of urban designers and architects throughout the world. Yo was translated into French in but was not translated into English until We cannot prevent the public fountains from being reduced to a merely ornamental role; the colorful, lively crowd stays away from them because modern plumbing carries the water much more conveniently directly into house and kitchen.

The absence of pedestrians on so many modern gigantic streets and plazas the Ludwigstrasse in Munich, the Rathausplatz in Vienna in contrast to the crowds in the narrow alleyways of the older parts of towns, demonstrates unequivocally how little the matter of traffic received its due consideration in such city expansions, although supposedly everything was based on just that.

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Even if numerous pictorial beauties must be renounced and extensive consideration be given to the requirements of modern construction, hygiene, and transportation, this should not discourage us to the extent that we simply abandon artistic solutions and settle for purely technical ones, as in the building of a highway or the construction of a machine.


Urbanism is to be lived today and thus must be judged according to today’s needs and aesthetics. An awareness of this contradiction and a wish to avoid it were the forces which brought into being the Baroque park with its trimmed trees; an architectonically disciplined nature was used in former times primarily in connection with the chateau, whereas the larger monumental city-squares of classic times, of the Middle Ages, and of the Renaissance were exclusively focal points of creative art and especially of architecture and sculpture.

His principle and theory for planning a city is really great. The Place du Pont at Lyons Fig. By checking each of these twelve encounters in Fig. This opening of just one street into a second usually a broader and more important one is the most common case in old towns, and at the same time the most advantageous for traffic. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use.

The modern public garden, being surrounded by open streets, is exposed to wind and weather and is coated with street dust, unless somewhat protected by its enormous size. These occur even more frequently in the application of the radial system or in mixed systems. He further progresses to outline other key principles of ancient urban spaces that he believes have been lost in modern planning.

Camillo Sitte

It follows simply from this that under the proper conditions an artistic effect can be achieved with whatever street network be chosen, but the pattern should never be applied with that really brutal ruthlessness which characterizes the cities of the New World and which has, unfortunately and frequently, become the fashion with us.

Sitte believed that the participation of art above all else affected those within a space. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Camillo Sitte. With the addition of just one ti street opening to such a junction, the possible vehicle encounters already total which is more than ten times the first case, and the number of crossings which disrupt traffic increases proportionately.

Amazon Inspire Digital Educational Resources. We cannot alter ;lanning fact that marketing has withdrawn more and more from the plazas, partly into inartistic commercial structures, partly to disappear completely because of direct delivery to the home. The overwhelming majority of their side streets are artistically unimportant, and only the tourist in his exceptionally predisposed mood finds them beautiful, because he likes everything he sees.

However, many of their charms are already irretrievably lost for us since they no longer harmonize with modern living. Get fast, free shipping with Amazon Prime. Sitte contended that many urban planners had neglected to consider the vertical dimension of planning, instead focusing too much on paper, and that this approach hindered the efficacy of planning in an aesthetically conscious manner. Mannheim assumes the credit for the invention of this system.


These are forms in modern city planning that are still artistically effective and are truly in the spirit of the Baroque. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. The grid represented a critical failure in town planning.

ARCHITECTURE + URBANISM: Camillo Sitte: City Building According To Artistic Principles ()

Their designs follow key formulas, for example he believes that all entrances views into a plaza should not infringe on each other, and should enter from an obscure angle. The fundamental reason for this is again the abominable block system, since gardens should also, just like buildings and monuments, follow the example of the ancients—not standing free in the middle of empty spaces but being built in.

Retrieved from ” https: ComiXology Thousands of Digital Comics. After his book had been published, planners changed their views in a new city section, which not only worked out with a flat survey, G. Wherever a new town extension is being planned this method is applied—even in radial and triangular systems the subsidiary nets of streets are organized this way in so far as possible.

An attempt should be made regardless of obstacles.

These are the consequences of design based on traffic considerations rather than, as it should be, on the arrangement of plazas and streets. It is those principles that generate a greater experience for the pedestrian and lead to the success of open spaces within cities. Wherever private gardens that formerly belonged to palaces have been given over to public use, one can see for oneself that, secluded from traffic, such gardens fulfill their hygienic purpose despite their small siitte and vegetation thrives.

By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. Where are they now? A somewhat odd request, however the choice resembled an element of town planning that Sitte believes is crucial in modern times.

Share your thoughts with other customers. City Planning According to Artistic Sitte saw the importance of the relationship between class and the public space. There is method in this madness.