The Mahabharata, Book 6: Aswamedha Parva: K.M. Ganguli translation, at A Prose English Translation Of The Mahabharata: Bhishma Parva [Bhishma Parva, Manmatha Nath Dutt] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Bhishma Parva is the 6th of the 18 Maha Parvas of Vyasa Mahabharata. According to Click on the links below for Sanskrit versions of Bhishma Parva of Vyasa.
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The Bhishma Parva Sanskrit: Bhishma Parva traditionally has parfa sub-books and chapters. Bhishma Parva describes the first 10 days of the day Kurukshetra Warand its consequences. It recites the story of Bhishmathe commander in chief of the Kaurava armies, who was fatally injured and can no longer lead as the commander.
Bhagavadgita chapters describe Arjuna ‘s questioning the purpose englisb war, ultimate effects of violence and the meaning of life. Karna didn’t fought in these first ten days on Bhishma’s order.
This Parva book has traditionally has 4 sub-parvas sub-books or little books and adhyayas sections, chapters. Bhishma Parva was composed in Sanskrit. Several translations of the book in English are available. Two translations from 19th century, now in public domain, are those by Kisari Mohan Ganguli  and Manmatha Nath Dutt. This translation is modern and uses an old manuscript of the Epic.
The translation does not remove verses and chapters now widely believed to be spurious and smuggled into the Epic in 1st or 2nd millennium AD. The Bhishma parva has several treatises embedded in it, such as the just war theory  and the Bhagavad Gita. The Jamvukhanda Vinirmana sub-parva of Bhishma parva is one of the several instances in the Mahabharata that provides an outline of just war theory in ancient India. Book 12 Shanti Parva is another instance of a significant discussion of just war theory and principles of proportionate punishment.
Before the first day of war, the Kurus, the Pandavas and the Somakas meet and agree on rules of war. Some examples of the agreed rules were: Chapters 25 through 40 of Bhishma parva present the dialogue between Arjuna and Krishna. Arjuna sees family, friends and good human beings on both sides of the war.
The Mahabharata, Book 6: Bhishma Parva Index
He does not want to kill. Arjuna argues that gaining a kingdom with stain of blood is a tragedy. He asks Krishna, why fight? Krishna’s answer are in several parts: Success that is obtained by negotiations and other means is the best.
Success which is secured by creating disunion amongst the enemy is temporary. Success secured by battle is the worst. There are many evils in battle: Victory is always uncertain. It depends on chance. Even those that obtain victory have to suffer losses.
Everything rises from the earth and when destroyed everything goes into her. The earth is the stay and the refuge of all creatures.
The earth is eternal.
If the resources of the earth are properly developed, she is then like an all-yielding cow, from which the threefold objects of Dharma, Artha and Kama might be milked. With enflish desire of enjoying the earth, men have become like dogs that snatch meat from one another. They that are desirous of victory do not so much conquer by might and prowess, as by truth, compassion, piety and virtue.
Fight without any arrogance, for victory is certain to be there where righteousness is. One sees it as a wonder, another speaks of it as a wonder, others again hear of it as a wonder; but even hearing of it, no one understands it.
This indestructible embodied Self, O Bharata, is in the bodies of everyone. The self-controlled man attains peace. Peace destroys all miseries. A mind that has attained peace becomes steady. The man who casts off all desires, is free from attachments, from cravings for things and pride attains peace.
Fearlessness, purity of heart, perseverance, yoga meditation, charity, self restraint, study of the Vedas, uprightness, ahimsatruth, freedom from anger, freedom from fault finding in others, renunciation, tranquility, compassion, absence of covetousness, gentleness, modesty, vigor, forgiveness, firmness, cleanliness, absence of quarrelsomeness, freedom from vanity, O Bharata, all these belong to him who is god-like.