THIERRY BALZACQ. Centre for European Policy Studies, Belgium and Sciences Po Paris, France. The prime claim of the theory of securitization is that the. theory, showing the existence of multiple audiences in empirical cases and Consequently, for Balzacq securitization is “a sustained strategic. Securitisation theory has become one of the key components of security Thierry Balzacq is holder of the Tocqueville Chair on Security.

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Experiments can help securitization theory identify, map, and assess the strength of the numerous variables associated with the actors involved in the securitizing move, usually conceptualized as the securitizing actor on the one hand and the sevuritization actor or audience on the other hand.

Modern constructivism Post-modern constructivism Feminist constructivism. Contextual variation can be achieved through replication in two ways, either diachronically—running the exact same securitization experiment regularly across a long period of time to gain a longitudinal understanding of securitization and context—or geographically—running the exact same securitization experiment simultaneously in a series of different places to gain an understanding of how factors like culture, popular references, political history, or recent local events impact on securitizing moves effects.

The third way in which experimental designs can potentially help our understanding of the effects contextual factors can have on securitization processes highlights the role of incentive structures. Finally, we would insist that the political and ethical implications of utilizing experiments to balzcaq theory should not be underestimated. In this context, experimental designs can help us learn more about whether or not specific demographic or other individual factors mediate the effect of experimental manipulations such as certain securitizing moves or actors on the likelihood of securitization occurring.


Although previous research might have identified certain variables as increasing or decreasing the likelihood that an actor will succeed in securitizing an issue, this effect might not carry to different audiences and might actually have the opposite effect.

There’s a problem loading this menu right now. Amazon Second Chance Pass it on, trade it in, give it a second life. Admittedly, access to a sufficiently large elite sample sefuritization order to allow conducting an experiment is difficult to come by, so experimental contributions to securitization theory in this aspect are limited. International Icons and the Case of Abu Ghraib.

This page was last edited on 11 Decemberat In effect, securitization studies are currently informed, essentially, by two different theoretical perspectives: On context, see Salter, Mark B.

Building on this reflection, we then focus specifically on what types of experimental designs can help identify the conditions under which securitizing moves succeed or fail.

As Thierry Braspenning-Balzacq puts it: This is not to say that experiments are immune to biases. We contend that the role of experiments would be limited to that of thepry second-step research agenda seeking to strengthen particular causal pathways.

Van Arsdale for her helpful comments on earlier drafts and to A. International Migration and Security. Retrieved from ” https: A straightforward way to check if participants understood the introduction of the independent variables as intended by the researcher is to include manipulation check questions after measuring the relevant dependent variables.

To do so, it organizes securitization around three core assumptions which make the theory applicable to empirical studies: From Nature to the Lab. International ethics Historical sociology Regime theory State cartel theory Geopolitics. Designs like these could potentially help explain the dynamics involved in recent prominent securitizing speeches, like those on foreigners and immigrants voiced by pro-Brexit and pro-Trump campaigners. These assumptions are then investigated through discourse analysis, process-tracing, ethnographic research, and content analysis and discussed in relation to extensive case studies.


We leave open to further research the task to precisely map these potential links. Laboratory settings also provide the opportunity to answer research questions employing a wide array of dependent variable measures.

I wish to displace the question, and hopefully change its nature. This ba,zacq build on a growing field of research on the different effects produced by different types of political communication.

However, claims on how exactly these various aspects impact on securitization dynamics are still rather speculative. Liberalism Idealism Democratic peace theory Republican liberalism Institutionalism Neoliberalism Interdependence liberalism Sociological liberalism Institutional liberalism. Paradigms and Sand Castles: Clearly researchers chose what experiments to conduct out of the many possible interactions between theoretically relevant variables that exist.

Securitization (international relations)

Diversifying Securitization Research Methods with Experiments. The Politics of Insecurity: It is dealt with as a concern for ordinary politics and legal regulations. Although both laboratory and online survey experiments can theody used for this purpose, a laboratory setup is ideal as it safeguards the internal validity of studies making these comparisons.

It is therefore tricky to offer a long-term perspective on the topic.

Securitization Theory | How Security Problems Emerge and Dissolve | Taylor & Francis Group

A Hermeneutical Critique of Securitization Theory. How strong exactly is this power? This innovative new book will be of much interest to students of securitisation and critical security studies, as well as IR theory and sociology. Fear, Migration and Asylum in the EU. The Political Costs of Crisis Bargaining: Try the Kindle edition and experience these great reading features: This article argues that experimental designs could strengthen our understanding of the factors that play a role in the failure or success of such narratives.