Unlike polydentate ligands, ambidentate ligands can attach to the central atom in two places. A good example of this is. ligand shares a pair of its electrons with the metal. Coordinate-covalent Ambidentate ligands: more than one atom in the ligand can share a. A unidentate ligand which can bond through different atoms to form different coordination compounds is called ambidentate ligand.

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Unlike polydentate ligands, ambidentate ligands can attach to the central atom in two places. Ligands are molecules or ions that can bind with electron-deficient atoms via coordinate covalent bonds.

When ligands ambidenttae cations bind in this way, a coordination compound is formed. Views Read Edit View history. If you are not the author of this article and you wish to reproduce material from it ambidenyate a third party non-RSC publication you must formally request permission using Copyright Clearance Center. For ligands in biochemistry, see Ligand biochemistry. One lone pair is used as a sigma X donor, the other two lone pairs are available as L-type pi donors.

Structural Isomers: Linkage Isomerism in Transition Metal Complexes

This means, there are two atoms that can donate their lone electron pairs. An alternative formula structure to emphasize the different coordinate covalent bond for the two isomers. Ambidentate Ligands Some unidentate ligands have more than one donor atom and these may coordinate to the metal ion through either of the two atoms. Journal of Organometallic Chemistry. Ethane-1,2-diamine has two lone pairs of electrons shown in green. For other uses, see Ligand disambiguation.


Ambidentate Ligands Assignment Help Homework Help Online Tutoring Chemistry Help

Ligands are viewed as Lewis basesalthough rare cases are known to involve Lewis acidic “ligands”. Fetching data from CrossRef.

Here a single ligand L, which could be water, donates a pair of electrons to form a bond with a metal atom M. In all cases the Ref. For example, the NO 2 – ion is a ligand can bind to the central atom through the nitrogen or the oxygen atom, but cannot bind to the central atom with both oxygen and nitrogen at once, in which case it would be called a polydentate rather than ambixentate ambidentate ligand.

Ligands are classified in many ways, including: In practice, the n value of a ligand is not indicated explicitly but rather assumed.

In cases where the ligand has low energy LUMO, such orbitals also participate in the bonding.

Thiocyanate is an Ambidentate Ligand. In general, ‘hard’ metal ions prefer weak field ligands, whereas ‘soft’ metal ions prefer strong field ligands.

Example of ambidentate ligand

The bonding with the metal generally involves formal donation of one or more of the ligand’s electron pairs. As a result, liganv ligand acts as a bridge between different metal atoms. Bulky ligands are used to control the steric properties of a metal center.


The size of a ligand is indicated by its cone angle. Go to our Instructions for using Copyright Clearance Center page for details. The only difference is what atoms the molecular ligands bind to the central ion.

Definition of ambidentate – Chemistry Dictionary

Other examples of bidentate ligands are the acetylacetonate ion, known as acacand the oxalate ion ox. There are several types of ligands named as Monodentate ligands, bidentate ligands, polydentate ligands, etc. For reproduction of material from all other RSC journals and books: Another example is nitrate ion NO 2 — in which both nitrogen atom and oxygen atom can become a donor atom.

Metal ions bound to strong-field ligands follow the Aufbau principlewhereas complexes bound to weak-field ligands follow Hund’s rule. Especially amidentate the area of organometallic chemistryligands are classified as L and X or combinations of the two.

Many ligands are capable of binding metal ions through multiple sites, usually because the ligands have lone pairs on more than one atom.